Genealogy

57 views

Walters, P (2013)”Disaster, Resilience and the City: A social comparison between Dhaka, Bangladesh and Brisbane, Australia”, RC21,Resourceful Cities
Humbolt University Berlin (Germany), 29-31 August 2013

Walters, P (2013)”Disaster, Resilience and the City: A social comparison between Dhaka, Bangladesh and Brisbane, Australia”, RC21,Resourceful Cities
Humbolt University Berlin (Germany), 29-31 August 2013
of 11
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
Share
Tags
Transcript
    !  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    Z ('+)/ '& ' -*%,*% '/$ %(& '<&)/3) '& ' -'(9,4,?0 R)6? L'/$'. HII[N L,-)\GF'**)*, '/$ C&39'+)*( HI!!N S,// '/$ ]%&9)* !JJKT6 C9)*) %& '/ %=-,*('/( '&&.=-(%,/ %/ (9%& 3,/3)-(.'4%&'(%,/ (9'( 2(9) 89,4) %& ?*)'()* (9'/ (9) &.= ,1 %(& -'*(&5 RV,**%& )( '46 HIIKT6 V,**%& )( '4 3,/3)$) (9'( 3,==./%(0 3'/ <) ./$)*&(,,$ %/ >'*%,.& 8'0&@ <.( $, /,( ):-4,*) (9%&@ 39,,&%/? %/&()'$ (, .&) (9) ?),?*'-9%3'440 <,./$)$ 1,*= ,1 3,==./%(06 P'(9)* (9'/ )/?'?) 8%(9 (9%&@ =.39 ,1 (9) 4%()*'(.*) ,/ 3,==./%(0 *)&%4%)/3) 4)'>)& (9) ()*= ./$)1%/)$@ ,* ('+)& '/ %/&(*.=)/('4 >%)8 ,1 3,==./%(0@ ?%>%/? %( ' ;.'/(%('(%>)@ *'(9)* (9'/ ' ;.'4%('(%>) 39'*'3()*6 C9%& 9'& &)>)*'4 3,/&);.)/3)&6 C9) 1%*&( %& (9'( ?*)'( $%11)*)/3)& %/ (9) 8'0 (9'( 3,==./%(0 %& ./$)*&(,,$ '/$ )/'3()$ '*) /,( 3,/&%$)*)$6 ],* ):'=-4)@ (9)*) %& >)*0 4%((4) $%&3.&&%,/ ,1 (9) $%11)*)/3)& %/ 9,8 3,==./%(0 %& ./$)*&(,,$ <)(8))/ *.*'4 '/$ .*<'/ )/>%*,/=)/(& '/$ '3*,&& 3.4(.*'4 3,/():(&@ 1,* ):'=-4) <)(8))/ (9) '114.)/( $)>)4,-)$ 8,*4$ '/$ (9) ?4,<'4 &,.(9 G <,(9 ,1 89%39 '*) ):-4,*)$ %/ (9%& -'-)*6 P)3)/( =,/,?*'-9& 9'>) .&)$ 3'&) &(.$%)& ,1 $%&'&()*& %/ $%11)*)/( ?4,<'4 3,/():(& <.( ()/$ (, 3,=) .- 8%(9 ?)/)*'4 *)=)$%)& 1,* $%&'&()* *)&%4%)/3) (9'(@ 4%+) '44 ./%>)*&'4 ?)/)*'4%&'(%,/&@ ()/$ (, *)$.3) 3,/34.&%,/& (, (9) ,<>%,.& ,* ./9)4-1.440 ?)/)*'46 ],* ):'=-4) &)) #4$*%39 RHI!HT 1,* ' $%&3.&&%,/ ,/ (9) -,8)* ,1 &,3%'4 3'-%('4 '& ' -,4%30 '/&8)* 1,* <.%4$%/? $%&'&()* *)&%4%)/( 3,==./%(%)& %/ '/0 3,/():(6 S,3%'4 3'-%('4@ ,* (9) <)/)1%(& (9'( %/$%>%$.'4& '/$ 3,==./%(%)& $)*%>) 1*,= =)=<)*&9%- ,1 &,3%'4 /)(8,*+& RB,.*$%). !JK^N _.(/'= HIIIT@ %& ' -,8)*1.4 3,/3)-( '/$ (9)*) %& 4%((4) $,.<( (9'( &(*,/? &,3%'4 /)(8,*+& -*,>%$) ='()*%'4 '/$ )=,(%,/'4 <)/)1%(& %/ ' $%&'&()*6 B.( =.39 ,1 (9) 4%()*'(.*) %?/,*)& (9) &-)3%1%3 &,3%,G)3,/,=%3@ -,4%(%3'4@ &(*.3(.*'4 '/$ 3.4(.*'4 3,/$%(%,/& (9'( 4)'$ (, &(*,/? ,* 8)'+ *)&)*>)& ,1 &,3%'4 3'-%('46 S%=%4'*40@ 3,==./%(%)& '*) '4&, '((*%<.()$ 8%(9 ' 4)>)4 ,1 '?)/30 (9'( %?/,*)& (9) &(*.3(.*'4 3,/&(*'%/(& ,1 (9)%* 8%$)* 3,/():(` Wa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    b -'*(%'440 ,* /,( '( '44 %/ (9) )=)*?%/? =)?'G3%(%)& ,1 (9) ?4,<'4 &,.(96 7/ (9) *)='%/$)* ,1 (9) -'-)*@ ' 3%(0 1*,= (9) $)>)4,-)$ 8)&(@ B*%&<'/) #.&(*'4%'@ 8%44 <) 3,/(*'&()$ 8%(9 ' =)?' 3%(0 1*,= (9) ?4,<'4 &,.(9@ A9'+' %/ B'/?4'$)&9 (, %/ ,*$)* (, ='+) ' .&)1.4@ <.( %/3,=-4)()@ 3,=-'*%&,/ ,1 3,==./%(0@ &.*>%>'4 '/$ *)&%4%)/3) %/ (8, >)*0 $%11)*)/( 3%(%)&6 7)+*8$,& B*%&<'/) %& (9) &('() 3'-%('4 ,1 c.))/&4'/$@ #.&(*'4%' '/$ 9'& ' -,-.4'(%,/ ,1 Q.&( ,>)* ! =%44%,/6 7( %& 4,3'()$ 8%(9%/ (9) S,.(9 a'&( c.))/&4'/$ 3,/.*<'(%,/@ 8%(9 ' -,-.4'(%,/ ,1 '--*,:%='()40 H6d =%44%,/ -),-4) R#BS@ HI!!T6 C9) 3%(0 %& 4,3'()$ ,/ (9) 3,'&('4 B*%&<'/) P%>)* )&(.'*0 '/$ /'(.*'4 14,,$-4'%/ '/$ 9'& ):-)*%)/3)$ 14,,$%/? ,/ ' *)?.4'* <'&%& &%/3) %( 8'& )&('<4%&9)$ %/ (9) )'*40 /%/)())/(9 3)/(.*06 S)>)*) 14,,$&@ &%=%4'* (, ,/) ):-)*%)/3)$ %/ HI!! ,33.**)$ %/ !KJb '/$ !J[b RV'(%,/'4 D4%='() D)/(*) HI!!T6 ],44,8%/? (9) !J[b 14,,$@ (9) E%>)/9,) A'= 8'& <.%4( ,/ (9) B*%&<'/) P%>)* (, -*)>)/( &.39 14,,$%/? %/ (9) 1.(.*)@ <.( ' 3,=<%/'(%,/ ,1 (9) >,4.=) ,1 *'%/1'44 '/$ ' 3,/&)*>'(%>) 8'()* 3'(39=)/( -,4%30 1,44,8%/? &)>)*'4 0)'*& ,1 &)>)*) $*,.?9( =)'/( (9'( (9) $'= 8'& (,, 1.44 (, -*)>)/( (9) HI!! B*%&<'/) 14,,$& R>'/ $)/ O,/)*( '/$ F3#/)/)0 HI!!T6 C9)*) 8)*) Hb 4%>)& 4,&( $.*%/? (9) HI!! 14,,$&@ H!,1 (9)&) %/ (9) L,3+0)* e'44)0 (, (9) 8)&( ,1 B*%&<'/) 89)*) '/ 2%/4'/$ (&./'=%5 ,1 8'()* 3'.&)$ ' &)>)*) 14'&9 14,,$@ '/$ ' 4'3+ ,1 8'*/%/? =)'/( ='/0 8)*) &8)-( (, (9)%* $)'(9& '& (9)0 8)*) &(*'/$)$ %/ =,(,* >)9%34)& '/$ ,/ (9) *,,1& ,1 9,.&)&6 C9) 14,,$ %/ B*%&<'/) 8'& =,*) ?*'$.'4 '/$ *)&%$)/(& 8)*) '<4) (, )>'3.'() 9,=)& '/$ <.&%/)&& 8%(9 4%((4) 4,&& ,1 4%1) ,* %/Q.*0@ <.( ):()/&%>) $'='?) (, -*,-)*(06 ]4,,$%/? '11)3()$ '--*,:%='()40 HH@III 9,=)& '/$ [^II <.&%/)&&)& '3*,&& Jb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    d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a=)*?)/30 S)*>%3)& ,* (9) 8,*+ ,1 4,3'4 ?,>)*/=)/( '.(9,*%(%)& %/ 34)'*%/? $)<*%&@ 34)'/%/? 9,.&)&@ *)=,>%/? -.<4%3 9)'4(9 9'\'*$& '/$ *)&(,*%/? -,8)* Rf),*?) HI!ZT6 #4(9,.?9 ' &(*,/? 4,3'4 3,==./%(0 -*,>%$)$ %=-,*('/( ='()*%'4 '/$ )=,(%,/'4 <)/)1%(& 1,* 14,,$ >%3(%=&@ %(& -*)&)/3) 8'& /,( ?.'*'/())$@ ,* %/$))$ /)3)&&'*0@ 1,* &'(%&1'3(,*0 ,.(3,=)& %/ B*%&<'/)6 C9) -*)&)/3) ,1 &(*,/? '/$ *)4'(%>)40 3,=-)()/( -.<4%3 %/&(%(.(%,/& )/&.*)$ (9'( *)&%$)/(& 8%(9,.( &(*,/? 4,3'4 /)(8,*+& 8)*) /,( '<'/$,/)$6
We Need Your Support
Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

No, Thanks