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Uporaba geografskih informacijskih sustava u povijesno-onomastičkim istraživanjima (Using Geographical Informational Systems In Historical And Onomastics Research) Conference proceedings

Uporaba geografskih informacijskih sustava u povijesno-onomastičkim istraživanjima (Using Geographical Informational Systems In Historical And Onomastics Research) Conference proceedings
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  Using Geographical Informational Systems In Historical And OnomasticsResearch (Summary) The use of Geographical Informational Systems as a methodology of research in thehumanities is a very useful tool. It is also a very convenient form of cooperation betweendifferent disciplines and sciences. This is being done by integrating spatial component into a wider framework, transforming GIS into a valuable resource in a wide range of humanistic sciences. The interdisciplinary of the GIS methodology, which is relativelynew to humanistic sciences, is most visible in historical and onomastic research. Manyquestions concerning spatial relationships and historical and onomastics researchquestions can be answered using GIS methodology. GIS is composed of datasets, preferably databases, which can be integrated into spatially referenced software. Datasets and corresponding maps can overlap between themselves. Depending on a subject, the data can be “mined“ from a variety of humanistic sciences and humanities.This, in turn, allows us to discover new relationships between different datasets. Expansion of spatial perspectives (traditionally connected to geography) into humanisticdisciplines revolutionized the view on research questions, giving a clear perspectivethrough visualization of geographic patterns and geographically referenced data. Environmental history deals with human perception and attitudes of natural world,understanding of ecological processes. It's not only trying to understand how nature isorganized and functions, it also deciphers how the socio-economic structures interact with nature (this includes tools, social relations, modes of production). Onomastics and environmental history can work together and try to answer questions like: translating the dialog between societies and cultures on the one hand and nature on the other,through myths, percepcion of space, customs etc. Much of our knowledge about history can be approached from both spatial and temporal perspectives. These perspectives are also vital to understanding the motivating elements and patterns of the naming process. Location element is crucial for theresearch of both environmental history and onomastics.This short introduction has shown many theoretical and practical advantages of  geografical information sistems metodology, aspecially in environmental histoy and onomastics. Using examples from my PhD thesis, I will try to show the possibilities that are offerd to the researchers of history and onomastics.  
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